Verbul latin în familia lexicală romanică: trahō, trahere, traxī, tractum
The latin verb within the romance lexical family:trahō, trahere, traxī, tractum
Universitatea din Craiova, str. A.I. Cuza nr. 13
200585 – Craiova
The Latin verb had an important role in creating the Romance lexical family: it was the base for derivation and it developed its own lexical family later enherited in Romance languages whether we talk about nouns, adjectives, verbs or adverbs. Trahō, trahere, traxī, tractum, inherited in Romance languages, underwent a process of regularization in point of its forms: tractō, tractare, tractavi, tractatum, a first conjugation verb. The verbs formed by means of prefixation constituted the bases of a series of Latin lexical microfamilies which have correspondents in each Romance language. The newly-formed terms, borrowed from Latin into Romance languages, at different moments, depending on various historical and geographical conditions, followed the Latin pattern.
Derivational morphology is defining for the large Romance lexical family. The semantics of both the initial and the derived forms reflect the history of work, of ancient human occupations.
Key words: verb, Latin, Romance lexical family, derivation, evolution.
Cuvinte-cheie: verb, latină, familie lexicală romanică, derivare, evoluţie.