NICHIFOR CRAINIC- TEOLOG ŞI IMNOLOG AL NEAMULUI ROMÂNESC
NICHIFOR CRAINIC- TEOLOGIAN AND POET OF THE ROMANIAN NATION
Seminarul Teologic Liceal Ortodox Arad
Nichifor Crainic was the latest great poet politically non-recovered and historiographycally non-rehabilitated during the communism. He was a poet, theologian, journalist, manager of the “Gandirea” magazine, editor, politician, philosopher, pedagogue and essayist, a personality which through its thinking and its writings promoted and ethnically view, according to it the Romanian cultural creation has to base itself on the native spiritual power. He imposed the traditionalism with strong orthodoxy accents in his writings, the new doctrine, “gandirismul”. The themes, the motives, the metaphors and the biblical symbols in his poems are Christian and the processed universe as well: the relationship human-being – God, the Jesus Christ’s divine-human Person, Mother Theresa, the patriarchal state, biblical plough-men, biblical moments and scenes, religious feeling. The biblical metaphors and symbols (the metaphor of the prayer, of the light, of the wheaten, of the pain, of the creation), confers upon his poetry a Christian extent, and over lighted mystery poem, and orthodox mystic poem. The Romanian interwar lyrical context couldn’t be imagined without Nichifor’s important creation; he reconceptualized the poem in religious terms so that it will always stay up-to-dateless.
Key-words: poet, religious, theologian, “Gandirea” magazine, traditionalism, gandirism, the native orthodoxy .
Cuvinte cheie: poet religios, teolog, revista,,Gândirea”, tradiţionalism, gândirismul, autohtonismul ortodoxist.